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ORAL CANCER SCREENING
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ORAL CANCER SCREENING
Oral cancer screenings are done to look for signs of cancer
in the mouth, tongue and jaw. The lining of the cheek, gums, lips tongue, floor
and roof of the mouth are all examined to check for lesions and abnormalities.
WHAT IS ORAL CANCER SCREENING
Oral cancer screening is an exam to look for signs of cancer
in the oral cavity. Cancers in the oral cavity include mouth cancer, jaw cancer
and tongue cancer. A doctor or a dentist may do the exam.
The areas examined during oral cancer screening include:
- Cheek lining
- Floor and roof of mouth
WHY IS ORAL CANCER SCREENING DONE?
Doctors and dentists use oral cancer screening to find cancer before symptoms develop. When doctors find oral cancer early, treatment may be more successful.
WHAT HAPPENS DURING ORAL CANCER SCREENING?
During oral cancer screening, your doctor or dentist will look for lesions (areas of abnormal tissue) in the mouth and throat. These abnormalities may include leukoplakia (thick white patches) and erythroplakia (abnormally red areas). This exam typically takes less than five minutes.
Sometimes your dentist (or doctor) uses special dyes and lights to look for signs of oral cancer. These tests include:
Exfoliative cytology: Collecting cells from the mouth with a brush, piece of cotton or wooden stick and looking at them under a microscope to see if they are abnormal
- Fluorescence staining: Shining a special light on lesions after using a fluorescent mouth rinse to identify abnormal tissue
- Toluidine blue stain: Coating mouth lesions with a blue dye to identify areas that are more likely to become cancerous
HOW DO I PREPARE FOR ORAL CANCER SCREENING?
You do not need to do anything to prepare for oral cancer screening. The exam usually takes place during a routine dental or physical checkup.